RCE Greater Dhaka - 2018

Worrying situation of caesarean delivery in Bangladesh due to lack of knowledge about reproductive health education, pollution and greediness of private hospital’s profiteering delivery business
Basic Information
Title of project : 
Worrying situation of caesarean delivery in Bangladesh due to lack of knowledge about reproductive health education, pollution and greediness of private hospital’s profiteering delivery business
Submitting RCE: 
RCE Greater Dhaka
Contributing organization(s) : 
College of Nursing, Department of Environmental Science and Education for Sustainable Development and Centre for Global Environmental Culture (CGEC)
Focal point(s) and affiliation(s)
Professor Dr Mohammed Ataur Rahman, Director, CGEC
Organizational Affiliation: 
IUBAT—International University of Business Agriculture and Technology
Professor Selina Nargis
Organizational Affiliation: 
IUBAT—International University of Business Agriculture and Technology
Format of project: 
Language of project: 
Date of submission:
Wednesday, August 15, 2018
SDG 3 & 4
At what level is the policy operating?: 
Geographical & Education Information
Dhaka and its surrounding areas
Address of focal point institution for project: 
CGEC of IUBAT, 4 Embankment Drive Road, Uttara Model Town, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh

Target Audience:
Socioeconomic and environmental characteristics of the area : 
Socio economic is very unequal, huge gap between rich and poor. Religiously ignorant and conservative and deprived from reproductive education. Environmental characteristics are highly polluted urban and peri-urban areas; Dhaka has been ranked highest in the US Air Quality Index (AQI), for having the worst level of air pollution in the world. According to US AQI of Dhaka stands at 608 and Bangladesh 2nd worst (179th) country in curbing pollution among 180 countries. Urbanization and industrialization are expanding rapidly but destroying the ecosystems.
Description of sustainable development challenge(s) in the area the project addresses: 
The most significant environmental challenges are destruction of ecosystems: rivers, lakes, forests and landscapes; illiteracy, pollution, river and canal encroachment, indiscriminate use of pesticides and fertilizers, food adulteration, corruption and bribery, poor human health especially reproductive health
January, 2016 to December, 2018
The poor reproductive health education has led huge female population to unwanted disability of reproductive systems and other related complications in Bangladesh in the recent decades. A large number of private clinics and hospitals are harnessing ill benefits operating CS delivery. This has come to notice from the news media. The abnormal increment of CS delivery has raised the questions about the ethics of the physicians and truthfulness of the private clinics and hospital authorities or the pollutant effect on human health. To find out in-depth cause for such abnormally high CS delivery case this project has been under taken.
To find out the actual reason for high rate of CS delivery. To highlight and aware about the complicacy of post CS delivery life. To aware about environmental pollution and its impact on human health especially to pregnant mother. To solve the problem the need for reproductive health education. For a policy about environmental awareness, reproductive health education and to prevent the corruption and inclusion of the matter in the SDGs
Activities and/or practices employed: 
Volunteers Survey, free health check up, Inclusion of Reproductive education in the ESD course curricula
Size of academic audience: 
3750 Nos. Youths Male and female from January 2016 to May 2018
Identified lack of knowledge about reproductive health as one of the major causes of abnormally high CS delivery
Lessons learned: 
Need for education especially for the youths and married couples
Key messages: 
The project has ventilated the need for education on reproductive health since millions are suffering from ignorance and are choosing CS delivery and are affecting with many complications. Moreover indiscriminate use of contraceptive pills has led to uterine tumors and other complications during and after pregnancy that also needed much awareness.
Relationship to other RCE activities: 
The subject matter of the project was discussed with Dr Unnikrishna Payyappallimana of UNU IAS in 2016
The project is being funded by IUBAT, the host organization of RCE Greater Dhaka
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
(https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs) and other themes of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
SDG 3 - Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages 
SDG 4 - Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all 
SDG 5 - Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls 
SDG 9 - Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation, and foster innovation 
SDG 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 
Curriculum Development 
Global Action Programme (GAP) on Education for Sustainable Development – Priority Action Areas
Priority Action Area 1 - Advancing policy 
Priority Action Area 2 - Transforming learning and training environments 
Priority Action Area 3 - Building capacities of educators and trainers 
Priority Action Area 4 - Empowering and mobilizing youth 
Priority Action Area 5 - Accelerating sustainable solutions at local level