RCE Lima-Callao - 2021

Strategies to mitigate climate change impact in food security
Basic Information
Title of project : 
Strategies to mitigate climate change impact in food security
Submitting RCE: 
RCE Lima-Callao
Contributing organization(s) : 
- Ricardo Palma University
- Indigenous community Kwechua-Lamas de Murillo, Lamas, Region San Martin, Peru
- Environmental net of Perú
- Centre for the Biodiversity and the Spirituality Andean Amazonian Waman Wasi - Lamas, San Martín.
- Organizations of Civil Society in San Martín
- Research Centre in Ricardo Palma University within the framework of a multi, inter and transdisciplinary work
- Teams from the Faculty of engineering, biology and the Climate change program of the Ricardo Palma University - IPCEM
Focal point(s) and affiliation(s)
Name: 
Teresa Salinas
Organizational Affiliation: 
Universidad Ricardo Palma/ Instituto Peruano del Pensamiento Complejo Edgar Morin -IPCEM
Format of project: 
manuscript, powerpoint
Language of project: 
Spanish
Date of submission:
Wednesday, October 6, 2021
Additional resources: 
Under request
Geographical & Education Information
Region: 
Americas
Country: 
Peru
Location(s): 
Lima and Indegenous community Quechua-Lamas de Murillo, Lamas, Region San Martin, Peru.
Address of focal point institution for project: 
Cultural Centre Ccori Wasi, Av. Arequipa N° 5198, Miraflores, Lima. Ricardo Palma University’s infraestructure is at the project’s request.
Ecosystem(s):
Target Audience:

Socioeconomic and environmental characteristics of the area : 
Peru is rich in biological and cultural diversity. The Peruvian Amazon represents 60% of the Peruvian territory. Although San Martín represents only 6.6% of the Amazon territory, it is the most densely populated region of the Amazon, home to approximately 800,000 indigenous and non-indigenous people, who comprise 30% of the total Amazonian population. This reality, caused largely by the Andean immigration, puts pressure on nature to the extent that some regions, such as the Alto Mayo, are among the most degraded in the country. Three ethnic groups are in the San Martín region: Awajún or Aguaruna, Quechua-Lamas, and Chayahuitas.
Description of sustainable development challenge(s) in the area the project addresses: 
Faced with climate change challenges, one of the most shocking is hunger, about 45% of the child population is suffering from anemia and malnutrition diseases. As the people who cultivate the fields decrease, the hunger in the city will be greater. We believe that it is necessary to define strategies that allow us to improve the relationship between the countryside and the city to ensure the power of the cities and the satisfaction of the needs of rural populations.
Contents
Status: 
Ongoing
Period: 
June, 2019 to June, 2022
Rationale: 
Peru is one of the ten most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. 71% of the Peruvian population is located in areas exposed to high danger.
More than 15 thousand hectares are lost in each agricultural season associated with climatic events, and in the last twelve agricultural seasons the Peruvian State has been able to record losses due to weather reasons for a value of S /. 2,597 million.
The main risks of climate change in food security are: Loss of livelihoods and income in rural areas; loss of marine and coastal ecosystems and their livelihoods; Loss of terrestrial and inland water ecosystems and livelihoods; Food insecurity and collapse of food systems.
We require approaches that help us understand the complex dynamics of climate change and its impact on food security and nutrition in Peru.
Agricultural, livestock and fishing production systems must adapt to climate change, contribute to mitigation without compromising the food and nutritional security of the population and, in this way, contribute to the sustainable development of the country.
Objectives: 

- Propose adaptation and mitigation strategies for the impact of climate change on food security in Peru, from the approach of complex dynamic systems.
- Develop an innovative approach to intercultural education for the care and appreciation of biological and cultural diversity and its relationship with climate change and the food practices of the Quechua - Lamas communities.
- Promote a transdisciplinary dialogue of knowledge about food with a focus on nutrition from the rural and urban perspective. Bring together several areas of knowledge: nutrition, biodiversity conservation practices and cultural diversity and food practices.
- Revalue traditional knowledge by identifying good practices relevant to the breeding of biodiversity and good food practices in relation to health, nutrition and Sustainable Development in an ecoregion, in the case of the area inhabited by the Quechua Lamas communities of San Martín.
- Promote food education based on native products education in traditional communities.
Activities and/or practices employed: 
- Systematize information on the impact of climate change on food security.
- Identify the initiatives that are being carried out to mitigate the effects of climate change on food security.
- Propose strategies for adaptation to climate change to mitigate its effects on food security and nutrition in Peru.
- Promote a transdisciplinary dialogue of knowledge about food and climate change.
Size of academic audience: 
40 people. The local participants are the group of women Warmikuna Tarpudora, intercultural teachers and companions of indigenous organizations of San Martín.
Results: 

- Workshops with the community. 2 workshops. A workshop pending due to the pandemic.
- Survey of good practices of indigenous communities
- At the end of the project, there will be a publication
Lessons learned: 
- The traditional knowledge carried by the indigenous-Amazonian communities.
- In-depth knowledge of the Quechua-Lama communities of their ecosystem and the dynamics of the climate: land (farm and forest) and water (planting and harvesting water - Andean practice); relation of the puquio, river and trees; the behavior of the wind.
- Scientific and technical knowledge are insufficient; it is required to incorporate ancestral knowledge.
- The biodiversity existing in the central Andes of Peru is due to ancient practices for food production.
Key messages: 
- Food constitutes a bridge for the dialogue of knowledge between traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge as a platform for intercultural education.
- The increasing industrialization of food production constitutes a space for reflection on its consequences in relation to the traditional forms of food production still in force in the country.
- The abandonment of biodiversity as the central focus of traditional food has as a consequence the loss of a varied food that is essential for health.

Pictures:

File Name Caption for picture Photo Credit
Image icon Workshop with Scholars, Public Sector Officials and Civil Society held in Lima Peru.JPG (4.06 MB) Workshop with Scholars, Public Sector Officials and Civil Society held in Lima Universidad Ricardo Palma
Image icon Indigenous Women and Faciltators in Lamas San Martin Peru.JPG (6.58 MB) Indigenous Women and Facilitators in Lamas, San Martin Peru Universidad Ricardo Palma
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
(https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs) and other themes of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
SDG 2 - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture 
Direct
SDG 3 - Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages 
Indirect
SDG 13 - Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts 
Direct
Theme
Traditional Knowledge  
Direct
Agriculture 
Indirect
ESD for 2030-Priority Action Areas
Priority Action Area 2 - Transforming learning and training environments 
state: 
Direct