RCE Kano - 2019


Design and Production of Modified 2 Bricks Clean Cookstoves to Reduce Households' Indoor Air Pollution
Basic Information
Title of project : 
Design and Production of Modified 2 Bricks Clean Cookstoves to Reduce Households' Indoor Air Pollution
Submitting RCE: 
RCE Kano
Contributing organization(s) : 
Centre for Renewable Energy and Action on Climate Change
Focal point(s) and affiliation(s)
Usman Muhammad
Organizational Affiliation: 
Centre for Renewable Energy and Action on Climate Change
Fatima Ahmad Bukar
Organizational Affiliation: 
Bayero University Kano
Format of project: 
Language of project: 
Date of submission:
Geographical & Education Information
Africa and Middle East
Zamfara State
Address of focal point institution for project: 
Office Suite 37, Zamfara Plaza, Sokoto Road, PO Box 379, Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria
Target Audience:
Socioeconomic and environmental characteristics of the area : 
The region is a tropical savannah, characterized with climate change variability. The region is threatened by Sahara desert which encroaches at a very fast pace at 0.6km a year from northern Nigeria southwards (FME, 2004). IFAD’s report further put that forests in northern Nigeria have almost vanished and deforestation is moving steadily southwards. According to UN Food and Agricultural Organization report (2005), Nigeria has the world’s highest deforestation rate of primary forests. The country loses about 350,000 hectares of land every year to desert encroachment (FME 2005) another 75 million hectares of land in the north is threatened by desertification.
Description of sustainable development challenge(s) in the area the project addresses: 
Traditional wood cookstoves (3-stone, chulhas, etc.) are inefficient because they do not allow air to circulate under the fire, they do not concentrate the heat in a small area to burn off smoke and they direct too little heat to the pot. Commercially sold “rocket stoves” correct these problems and are much more efficient. Unfortunately, rocket stoves are too expensive for most families. Our cookstoves are designed to be made locally in every village,using locally available materials. Sellers should be able to make and sell the stoves for US$1. Two Trees were fell down every single minute to serve as source of energy in northern Nigeria, this is a source of concern to the very existence of our people as desert encroaches at an alarming rate.
March, 2019
People in the rural areas of northern Nigeria fell down trees without knowing the implication of doing that, an alternative must be provided for people to reduce or stop felling down trees. This will help the environment, stop desert encroachment and help mitigate households indoor air pollution. People in the villages of northern Nigeria also absolutely ignorant on their role as active citizens and do not have knowledge on ESD. We use ESD to help protect their environment and we realized how important ESD is to help create awareness, sensitize communities. Encourage policy makers to champion reorienting learning through ESD.
The 2-Bricks woodstoves are expected to:

1. Reduce fuel consumption per meal and
2. Cuts smoke emissions from traditional fires used inside poorly ventilated dwellings.
3. In addition, the materials used to make the mud stoves are available locally, helping to improve levels of replicability and cost-efficiency of the practice.
4. Local production and sales of fuel-efficient stoves also becomes an income-generating activity for women, while also decreasing the risks of gender-based violence they face when collecting fuel wood.
5. The use of improved fuel-efficient stoves will reduce the production of smoke and harmful gasses within households,
6. Reduce the use of biomass by up to 60 percent (wood, crop waste, dung etc),
7. Reduce cooking cycle times, and
8. Create significant household safety and labour benefits.
Activities and/or practices employed: 
3 billion people cook with biomass, primarily wood. This causes disease and death, fires and burns, deforestation and climate change. Women spend hours every day collecting wood, taking away from their other obligations and exposing themselves to sexual assault. 3-stone and other traditional wood cookstoves are extremely inefficient. They use too much wood and emit too much smoke. Our designs make the fires more efficient, reducing the use of firewood, reducing smoke and cooking faster. One important principle in our designs is to elevate the firewood to allow air under the fire. The air under the fire makes the fire burn more efficiently.

We selected 100 women to learn how to design and produce the stoves, women came from different parts of Zamfara State. Similar program is expected to be held in Kano and Sokoto States before June ending 2019. Before the program, a learning period for ESD was organized, this was to inculcate the values of sustainability paradigm in the communities.
Size of academic audience: 
1. It has created awareness on how to promote environmental sustainability in local communities to achieve SDGs 1 and 7.
2. It helps participants by integrating new methods of producing brickstoves for both the adults and youth to reverse the menace of desertification using ESD knowledge by shifting thinking and minds.
3. It helps local production and sales of fuel-efficient stoves as an income-generating activity for women,
4. It is also decreasing the risks of gender-based violence faced by women when collecting fuel wood.
5. It has shown how the use of improved fuel-efficient stoves will reduce the production of smoke and harmful gasses within households.
6. It has also create significant household safety and labour benefits.
7. This is train the trainers program, we expected that each of the 100 women trained to train other 100 women, this we believe will have a multiplier effect and in the long run (5 years from now) 100,000 women will be trained as Brickstoves producers.
Lessons learned: 
The project has changed lives, created critical thinking, taught women how to learn to live together to improve their immediate environment, and encouraged sustainability paradigm. There are also opportunities for the project to be extended and implemented in other effected areas especially in the Sahel and other sub Saharan African countries at large, to shift thinking and engage the locals to take actions that will help reverse desertification, household indoor air pollution and mitigate climate change.
Key messages: 
Using SDG 7 in rural communities through informal and non formal education enhances critical thinking, improve their immediate environment, encouraged sustainability paradigm.
Relationship to other RCE activities: 
We will work with RCEs Zaria and Minna to scale up the project in their respective RCEs.
We got small funding from Sun24 Inc, a US based NGO.


File Name Caption for picture Photo Credit
Image icon IMG-2019-WA0006.jpg (84.9 KB) Modified 2 Bricks Cookstoves Production S. Dankane
Image icon IMG-2019-WA0013.jpg (86.18 KB) Modified 2 Bricks Cookstoves Production S. Dankane
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
(https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs) and other themes of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
SDG 1 - End poverty in all its forms everywhere 
SDG 2 - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture 
SDG 3 - Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages 
SDG 4 - Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all 
SDG 5 - Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls 
SDG 6 - Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all 
SDG 7 - Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all 
SDG 8 - Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all 
SDG 9 - Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation, and foster innovation 
SDG 10 - Reduce inequality within and among countries 
SDG 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 
SDG 12 - Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns 
SDG 13 - Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts 
SDG 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 
Disaster Risk Reduction 
Traditional Knowledge  
Curriculum Development 
Plants & Animals 
Global Action Programme (GAP) on Education for Sustainable Development – Priority Action Areas
Priority Action Area 1 - Advancing policy 
Priority Action Area 2 - Transforming learning and training environments 
Priority Action Area 3 - Building capacities of educators and trainers 
Priority Action Area 4 - Empowering and mobilizing youth 
Priority Action Area 5 - Accelerating sustainable solutions at local level